Counter-Conditioning and Desnsitization
To create a positive association with something your dog seems to have a negative association with while keeping your dog under threshold as the associations are created.
Setting up the environment to make it likely the dog will perform the desired behavior.
Shaping & Capturing
Rewarding small increments toward a goal behavior & rewarding a desirable behavior your dog offers on their own, without prompting.
Your dog follows a treat inside your hand to move them from place to place or get them into a position (like a sit) rather than having to physically touch your dog.